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Dog Breeds - Alaskan Malamute


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The Pug was originally bred in China, over a thousand years ago and was brought to Europe, where they became the dog of aristocrats and royalty holding high status amongst dog breeds.  It was reported that the Pug was a favorite in France.






Exuberant and alert, they are really sociable but can be stubborn about certain things.  They like to show great affection for their owners and everyone else and are great with children. In general they get along well with other dogs and pets, however, they do prefer the company of humans and require a great deal of human attention otherwise they may become slightly anxious or agitated if their owner ignores them or does not play with them. In general, they are very attentive dogs, always at their owner's feet, in their lap, or following them from room to room.



Height: 10-11in (25-28cm)

Weight: 14-18lb (6-8kg)

Group: Toy Dog

For many people the two most engaging characteristics of a this breed is its face and tightly curled tail however its large dark eyes protruding prominently from the wrinkled squashed face does give the dog an animated expression. The Pug has a tail which is curled as tightly as possible over the hip, with a double curl being considered perfection and a dense coat which is soft, short and glossy. Pugs come in silver, black, and apricot/fawn with black mask and markings.



As they have a fine short coat it is easy to keep in good condition and it is recommend that grooming up to 10 minutes a day, firstly with a fine steel comb and then with a good bristle brush will keep them in tip top condition.  They do shed and drop a coat twice a year.


Life Expectancy

10-12 Years


Health Concerns

Due to the their flat face it is advisable that they not be over exercised or become overheated as they can experience breathing difficulties and do need plenty of water and shade in hot conditions.  They should not be allowed to become overweight as they are prone to breathing problems and excess fat around the heart could bring about premature death. Always try to feed quality dog food to ensure a healthy happy dog. Their protruding eyes are also prone to problems and should be kept clean and moist. It is also important to beware of rose bushes, cats and puppies playing as their eyes have been known to "pop out" of the dog's head due to serious trauma although there have been some reports that minor stresses like sneezing or coughing can also cause this injury. The wrinkles of the dog should be monitored for skin problems and the fold across the nose should be wiped clean daily.



Making ideal companions for the elderly pugs are also excellent with children.  Renowned for their friendly playful temperament they are quite fragile, especially as puppies and should be looked after and supervised when playing.  They do enjoy the company of other pets and breeders advise that two pugs, a de-sexed male and a de-sexed female, are a great combination. Watch for overeating in the breed. Provided the dog is active around the home, little exercise is needed.


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Napoleon's wife Josephine apparently had great affection for the Pug and it is alleged her dog, Fortune, bit Napoleon as he climbed into bed on the couple's wedding night!

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Toy Dogs: the common feature amongst these dogs is that they are all small, even if they come in a variety of different shapes. A few in this group include the Chihuahua, English Toy Terrier and Japanese Chin to mention a few.


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