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Dog Breeds - Alaskan Malamute




Phonetic Pronunciation:  PAP-ee-ahn



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It is believed that the Papillon came after the Phalene. Madame de Pompadour and Marie Antoinette were both owners and admirers of the breed. The breed is believed to have evolved from the European Toy Spaniel and was shown in France at the beginning of the 20th century and soon after made its way to Britain and the United States. The popular belief is that the breed originated in France hence the French names Papillon (butterfly) and Phalene (moth).


These sweet natured and extremely intelligent dogs are very even tempered, but are perhaps not suitable for young children because of their fine bones. The breed does quite well in agility and jumping competitions as well as obedience, but just like a lot of other breeds can be just as happy and content at home on the lounge.  As long as they have some exercise which can be as simple as a good run out in the garden, or a walk with their owner they will be quite content.



Height:   20-28cm (8-12in)

Weight:  1.75kg - 3kg

Group: Toy Dogs

This very pretty and dainty dog is a toy breed which is very light on its feet and has large ears either erect (resembling the wings of a butterfly) or dropped (resembling the wings of the night moth).  Its colours are of  white with patches of colour.



Because of this breed's silky texture single coat it is generally not prone to matting. A thorough brush twice each week is sufficient and if the dog is kept inside, a bath once a fortnight is adequate to keep the coat in tip top order. 


Life Expectancy

15 Years


Health Concerns

Patella luxation is known within the breed as is Progressive Retinal Atrophy otherwise this dog stems from a healthy breed which has very few major health problems.



Papillons need little exercise so if you only have a small yard or live in an apartment, a half hour walk or active play is recommended.  They make ideal companions for the elderly or families with space limitations however because of their size, these dogs do not cope well with rough play and may become nippy if pushed around or treated harshly. They love companionship and will reward its owners with lifelong loyalty and devotion. They're a social breed and breeders recommend keeping them in pairs or with another suitable companion.


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Toy Dogs: the common feature amongst these dogs is that they are all small, even if they come in a variety of different shapes. A few in this group include the Chihuahua, Pomeranian and Pekingese to mention a few.


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