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Dog Breeds - Alaskan Malamute


Jack Russell Terrier







Jack Russell Terrier

Lara the Jack Russell Terrier

Lara my Jack Russell....

Photo Courtesy of Peet J De Rouw



The Jack Russell Terrier breed originated in Devon, England in the mid 1800s and the founder was the Reverend Jack Russell who, preferring a longer-legged terrier which could keep up with the hounds, embarked on a series of cross-breeding with assorted breeds, likely including beagles and bull terriers. This produced a longer-legged type, known as the Parson Russell Terrier, of which the Jack Russell Terrier is a smaller version.  Originally bred to roust foxes that had escaped into their underground tunnels during hunts the Jack Russell still retains its keen terrier traits to this day.



These are truly big dogs in a small packages, which can sometimes lead to trouble involving larger animals because they tend to forget just how small they really are. They have this abundance of high energy and drive which make these dogs ideally suited to a number of different dog sports such as flyball or agility. As Jack Russells can also be stubborn at times obedience classes are recommended to potential owners because if not properly socialised they can tend to become aggressive towards other animals and humans. Jack Russell Terriers can be very hyper so this process  should continue throughout their whole lives.



Height:   10-12in (25-30cm)

Weight:   3 - 5kg (6–9lbs).  

Jack Russells are sturdy and tough, and their body length must be in proportion to the height presenting a compact, balanced image. Displaying smooth, broken or rough dense double coats that are neither silky nor woolly. They are predominantly white with black and/or tan markings. The skin can sometimes show a pattern of small black or brown spots, referred to as "ticking", that do not carry through to the outer coat. They have almond shaped and dark coloured eyes which should be full of life and intelligence. Small V-shaped ears of moderate thickness are carried forward on the head.  The Jack Russell should always appear balanced and alert.


Grooming                                                                                                         As the Jack Russell sheds all year round it requires constant regular brushing to assist with the shedding. Rough coated dogs also need their coats ‘stripped’ regularly to keep the coat harsh and water proof. Regular nail-clipping, cleaning of their ears and dental hygiene is also part of their weekly grooming routine.


Life Expectancy

15+ Years


Health Concerns

These hardy little guys are renowned for their longevity and health due in a large part to a large gene pool and a well-cared-for Jack Russell can live well into its teens, remaining active right into its senior years.  Some of the minor health concerns with the breed include hereditary cataracts, primary lens luxation, congenital deafness, patellar luxation  and general joint problems.



These active little dogs make excellent companions and guard dogs and require a family that will spend plenty of time playing with them and taking them for walks. They are very people-orientated and are more suited to older children, but can happily live with young children so long as they are always supervised together to prevent them from hurting one another. Obedience training and socialization are important for a happy, healthy Jack Russell.  Despite their small size, these dogs are not recommended for the condominium or apartment dweller unless the owner is ready to take on the daunting task of providing the dog with the necessary amount of exercise and stimulation.


Read about the story of this much loved Jack Russell adopted from the Lost Dogs' Home.


Jack Russell Terrier - Back to top



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Terriers; dogs in this group were bred to drive foxes, rabbits and other quarry from their underground retreats. A few in this group include Airedale Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier and Silky Terrier to mention a few.



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