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American Eskimo Dog




Belonging to the Spitz family of Nordic breeds, the American Eskimo Dog is closely related to the white German Spitz. Eventually brought to America, where the name changed to American Eskimo Dog.  The American Eskimo nowadays has many fine attributes such as watchdog, guarding, narcotics detection, agility,  and competitive obedience.



What charming, affectionate and loving dogs the American Eskimos are, with their high intelligence and willingness to please these hardy and very playful dogs are great with children.  They possess this awareness which makes them very easy to train and because they just love to work, do very well at obedience training. They have a natural wariness of strangers, however, once introduced, become instant friends. This dog insists on being part of the family and can become obsessive, willful, guarding and start barking alot without adequate mental and physical exercise and human interaction. 




Height:   23-30cm  (9-12in)

Weight:       2-4kg  ( 6-10lb)


Height:   30-38cm  (12-15in)

Weight:       5-9kg  ( 10-20lb)


Height:   30-38cm  15-19in)

Weight:     8-16kg  (18-35lb)

The beautiful snowy white American Eskimo Dog is a Spitz-type dog and looks very similar to a miniature Samoyed.  The three varieties are: the toy, miniature, and standard and they come in the one colour which is white, but can have biscuit or cream markings.  Their profuse coat should not curl or wave and the undercoat should be thick and plush and consist of a harsher outer coat growing up through it.  The breed is slightly longer than it is tall and their heavily plumed tail should curl up over the back.



These dogs are an average shedder and their thick snowy white coat can easily be groomed by brushing it with a firm bristle brush twice weekly and daily when it is shedding.


Life Expectancy

15 Years


Health Concerns

Even though the American Eskimo Dog is a fairly healthy breed, close attention needs to be paid to its eyes and tear ducts. This dog is also prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy and can get skin problems such as dermatitis if its coat isn’t kept clean and flea free. This breed is also renowned for easy weight gain so it is important to ensure that these dogs get ample exercise. Always try to feed quality dog food to ensure a healthy happy dog.



A great family dog, the American Eskimo dog will do okay with a small yard if it is taken on daily longs walks so it can be exercised.  They will need to be kept in a safely enclosed yard where they can run free, however will still need to be given the opportunity to be taken out for a pack walk to satisfy their migration instinct.

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